Pune

Pune has been known by a plethora of sobriquets. Popular among them: Queen of the Deccan, cultural capital of Maharashtra, pensioner's paradise and Oxford of the East. Pune is one of the historical cities of India with a glorious past, an innovative present and a promising future. The Pune Municipal Corporation administers the city. Its boundaries extend over four hundred square kilometres and it has a population of close to four million. Thus, Pune city has been developed into a Pune metropolitan area, just equal in area to that of Greater Mumbai. It is located 192 km (by rail) and 160 km (by road) from Mumbai and is 559 metres above the mean sea level. Being surrounded by beautiful hills and the Sinhagad fort, it has a temperate climate. Water, which is plentiful, is supplied to the city from Panshet, Khadakvasla and Varasgaon dams --all located about thirty kilometres from Pune. Pune is among the greenest urban areas in the country with more than 40 per cent of its area under green cover.

History of Pune

Human civilisations have prospered on the banks of rivers; Pune city too has flowered on the banks of the Mutha river originating from the Sahyadri range of mountains. Eminent archaeologist Dr. H. D. Sankalia and his colleagues from the Deccan College carried out excavations of the Mutha riverbed and banks. These researchers found evidence of human civilisations that existed 100,000 years ago along the Mutha river. Pune finds mention in some of the Puranas.

One of the major attractions of the city is Osho Commune International, an ashram set up by Rajneesh Osho for teaching meditation. Apart from that, the city serves as the base for visiting Shirdi, known for housing the samadhi temple of Sri Sai Baba. The Buddhist caves of Bhaja and Karla are also situated quite near to Poona. The rich history, architecture and culture of the city makes it a must visit destination for the tourist coming to India.